June 28th, 2020 by Jesper Berggreen
Is the press release below promising zero global carbon emissions from all shipping in 2050? Not exactly. This new initiative is indeed being named the “Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping,” but it also states “the shipping industry has made a strong commitment to reduce its global carbon emissions towards 2050,” and “short-term measures related to increased energy efficiency is enabling a 40% relative reduction by 2030,” and “the shipping sector accounts for around 3% of global carbon emissions. The industry has made a firm commitment to reduce this to zero within this century.”
Fine, that’s all good. So, before the turn of the century all shipping will be carbon emission free. I actually believe the industry can pull that off, easy — it has 80 years. … Sorry, it’s just so easy making these claims these days, because you must have been living under a rock for a couple of decades if you have not realized that new energy technologies have accelerated at an unprecedented pace, and of course shipping will be carbon free this century. Of course energy generation will be carbon free this century. Of course transportation on land will be carbon free this century. Heck, even aviation will be carbon free this century. But will we have reached a point where the net depositing of carbon waste in the atmosphere has peaked by 2050? I guess, probably, if all goes well. Is it in due time? No. When is due time? Now, at the latest.
Anyway, let’s not get nitpicky about the press release itself. Shipping is without a doubt one of the hardest problems to solve in terms of reducing emissions, so it is indeed positive that all of these big players finally agree on the urgency. They will get the job done.
Here is the press release in full (followed by more commentary from me afterward):
Copenhagen, 25 June 2020 — The shipping industry has made a strong commitment to reduce its global carbon emissions towards 2050. A group of leading industry players are taking the next step to develop new fuel types and technologies by launching the Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping.
The founding company partners behind this initiative are ABS, A.P. Møller – Mærsk, Cargill, MAN Energy Solutions, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, NYK Line and Siemens Energy.
The center, which will be based in Copenhagen, Denmark, is made possible by a start-up donation of DKK 400m by the A.P. Møller Foundation.
Chairman of the Board in the A.P. Møller Foundation, Ane Uggla comments:
“With this donation, The A. P. Møller Foundation wishes to support the efforts to solve the climate issue in global shipping. My father, Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller was a visionary leader in the global shipping industry for more than 7 decades. He was concerned about shipping’s impact on the environment. Already in the 1980’ies he championed the use of low sulphur fuel, and he pioneered the first double hull oil tankers in the 1990’ies to minimize the risk of oil spills. Therefore, I find it very natural that my Father’s name will be connected to the center.”
The center will be a non-profit organization, set up as a commercial foundation with a charitable purpose. As an independent research center, it will work across the entire shipping sector with industry, academia and authorities. A highly specialized, cross-disciplinary team will collaborate globally to create overviews of decarbonization pathways, accelerate the development of selected decarbonizing fuels and powering technologies, and support the establishment of regulatory, financial and commercial means to enable transformation.
To define the strategic direction of the center, a Board of Directors is being established. Søren Skou, CEO of A.P. Møller – Mærsk has been confirmed as Board Member. Additional members of the Board of Directors will be announced upon appointment.
Future member of the Board, Søren Skou, says:
“The founding partners and the A.P. Møller Foundation share a long-term ambition to decarbonize the shipping industry. The establishment of the center is a quantum leap towards realizing that ambition. This joint initiative will fast-track the maturation of solutions and strengthen the basis for decision making among industry players and regulators and hence accelerate investments and implementation of new technologies. I am looking forward to join the Board of this ambitious collaboration.”
Furthermore, the center will have a management board, which will be headed by Bo Cerup-Simonsen as CEO of the center. Bo Cerup-Simonsen holds a PhD from the Technical University of Denmark in Mechanical Engineering, Naval Architecture and has a proven track record in leadership of large-scale industry projects, maritime technology, research and innovation.
“This is the early days of a demanding and necessary transformation of an entire industry. Thanks to the A.P. Møller Foundation and the support from industry-leading partners we now have a unique opportunity to unfold the potential of a sector-wide collaboration towards complete decarbonization. The Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping provides a solid platform for the entire eco-system to join forces, demonstrate new solutions and identify the next steps to make it happen. I’m excited to let the work begin, expanding the collaboration with a broad variety of contributors,” adds Bo Cerup-Simonsen.
The founding partner companies bring a common commitment to decarbonizing shipping and specialized knowledge and research capabilities. Furthermore, the founding partners will donate expert people resources and/or testing platforms to support the operations. The Center expects to attract several more partner companies in the future.
During the first two to three years the center will recruit around 100 employees to the Copenhagen-based office and collaborate with new partners across the globe. The founding partner companies have committed one-third of the needed staff, the remaining two-thirds will be recruited independently. In addition to leadership and administration, the Center staff will include subject matter experts in energy, fuels and ship technology as well as regulatory affairs, finance and the global energy transition.
Shipping’s road map to decarbonization
The shipping sector accounts for around 3% of global carbon emissions. The industry has made a firm commitment to reduce this to zero within this century. Short-term measures related to increased energy efficiency is enabling a 40% relative reduction by 2030.
Achieving the long-term target requires new fuel types and a systemic change within the industry. As shipping is a globally regulated industry, there is opportunity to secure broad-based industry adoption of new technology and fuels.
To accelerate the development of viable technologies a coordinated effort within applied research is needed across the entire supply chain. Industry leaders play a critical role in ensuring that laboratory research is successfully matured to scalable solutions matching the needs of industry. At the same time, new legislation will be required to enable the transition towards decarbonization.
About A.P. Møller — Mærsk
A.P. Møller – Mærsk is an integrated container logistics company working to connect and simplify its customers’ supply chains. As the global leader in shipping services, the company operates in 130 countries and employs roughly 80,000 people.
Why not just go ahead and electrify the fleets? Well, a bit of napkin calculations on a ship like the 170,794 gross tonnage carrier Emma Mærsk, which has the world’s largest single diesel unit weighing 2,300 tonne and is able to produce 81 MW (109,000 hp) of propulsion power while burning 14,000 litres (3,600 US gal) of heavy fuel oil per hour, gives some scary numbers when you convert to fully electric propulsion:
Two 9 MW electric motors augment the power on the 150 meter main propeller shaft for fuel efficiency already, so we just add 7 more of those and let all 9 motors spin to replace the work of the main diesel engine. For batteries, let’s use Tesla’s Megapack system, that can output 1.5 MW each, which means we need 54 of them to maintain full power for a couple of hours. Now, let’s say we need enough energy to ship stuff from California to Europe, which is a 17 day journey at about 25 knots (29 mph). We would need 33 GWh of energy (17 days x 24 hours/day x 81 MW), or what can be stored in 11,000 Tesla Megapacks.
OK, so that’s not a problem, since the Emma Mærsk can handle at least 11,000 TEU (20-foot Equivalent Units), each of which almost can hold one of the Megapacks, but the fact there will no longer be room for any cargo, and the total 253,000 tonnes of batteries with a price tag of $1 billion will literally sink the ship, is kind of a showstopper. The ship itself originally cost about $150 million.
Cleaner fuel types is definitely the way to go in this category for the time being, so kudos to the Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping for trying to solve this.
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